Groundwater is water in the ground. The level of groundwater in Amsterdam and surrounding area is close to the surface.

Groundwater levels can change quickly. The groundwater level increases when it rains a lot. And it decreases when dry weather conditions persist. Construction projects or blockages in water flow can also change the groundwater level.

Problems with groundwater

It is important that the water level is correct. If the groundwater level is too high, basements will flood and gardens will become soggy. If the groundwater level is too low, the wooden piles, on which many houses have been built, could start to rot.

The groundwater level is too high

The groundwater in Amsterdam is close to the surface. This can cause problems. Do you have a damp or wet crawlspace or (semi-)basement? Is your garden soggy and do puddles of water remain after it has rained? This can be the result of a high water level.

Find out how to deal with rising water levels

The groundwater level is too low

The groundwater level under your home may be very low. This is not necessarily a problem. However, many houses in Amsterdam have been built on wooden foundation piles. The water levels can drop during long periods of drought. Then, the wooden piles will no longer be emerged in water. This will cause the wooden piles and foundation to rot.

Find out how to deal with declining water levels

‘Polderriolen’ (Drainage pipes)

Some neighbourhoods In Amsterdam have underground ‘polderriolen’. These are underground pipes which were used to replace the ditches which were used for water drainage in the past. These pipes transport the ground water to the public sewer system. Many of these underground pipes are old and poorly maintained. Therefore, they may not function properly. When the ground water level rises, this system may cause problems.

Who does what?

You are responsible for the groundwater on your premises. However, the groundwater does not stop at the border of your property. Therefore, we provide advice on how to deal with water problems caused by groundwater. If possible, we also take measures in public spaces. For example, to prevent or limit problems caused by a too high or too low level of groundwater. Sometimes, the municipality or province needs to take action. Find out more about ground water management on the website of Rioned.

Groundwater level monitoring

We monitor the ground water levels with hundreds of water level indicators (‘peilbuizen’) in and around Amsterdam. This is done by hand in approximately 2500 places, 6 times a year.

View our map with ground level indicators and groundwater levels

Would you like to know more or do you need help?

The municipality of Amsterdam has drawn up the 2022-2027 Omgevingsprogramma Riolering (Municipal Sewage Program for Amsterdam.). Please read the plan here (in Dutch), (pdf, 25 MB).

You can report problems regarding ground water at Waternet. Please contact our customer service team.